Hydrogen from the Maasvlakte to Pernis


The hydrogen pipelines begins on the Maasvlakte 2. Here a conversion park will also be constructed with electrolysers, installations that convert wind energy into green hydrogen. This conversion park will be connected to HyTransPort. The end point of the first phase of HyTransPort is at Pernis. The pipeline is 32 km long and will be underground. There is a pipeline corridor in the port of Rotterdam, especially intended for pipelines such as this one.
Five branch-offs to consumers and/or producers of hydrogen have currently been drawn in with pencil. 
The pipeline will eventually connect to the national hydrogen backbone and hydrogen storage facilities of HyNetwork Services and the international hydrogen network. That will be phase 2.

How is a hydrogen pipeline created?

Before a pipeline for hydrogen is installed in the ground, other necessary steps must first be taken. We have listed these.


Mid 2020

Is a hydrogen pipeline feasible?

The idea for the pipeline stems from the strategy of the Port of Rotterdam Authority and Gasunie. Together, these parties contribute to the Paris climate targets. CO2 neutral hydrogen is an important element in making the (heavy) industry in the port and Northwest Europe sustainable. A collaborative team is investigating whether a hydrogen pipeline is feasible. Is there a demand for hydrogen and where does that demand come from? What is the best route for a pipeline? What does a hydrogen economy in Rotterdam mean for employment? All economic, social and environmental questions  that need to be answered. If the answers are positive, then it is time for the next phase.


4th quarter of 2020

Start of the project

We have an outline planThat plan will now have to be given more substance and translated into questions about implementation and management after implementation. The best route for the HyTransPort pipeline will be registered and worked out. Discussions are being held with potential users about their plans and liaison is being sought. From a technical aspect, much thought is being given to how best to lay the pipeline. A list is made with whom everything must be coordinated, such as with authorities that grant permits, local residents and nature and environmental organisations. 


Mid 2021

A proposed route and environmental exploration

The intended route is known and the initial liaison with, among others, licensing authorities and potential clients is well under way. Talks have been initiated with all stakeholders and interests are being coordinated. The effects of the construction and use of the hydrogen pipeline on the environment have been identified by means of an environmental survey. A time of much listening and working out how a project like HyTransPort can be constructed and managed in the best possible way. At the same time, the technical aspects are being worked out so that a call for tender can be initiated


Mid 2022

Permits and calls for tender

Everything regarding assurances that can be explored is now recordedThe technical aspects have been developed to such an extent that a call for tender can be initiated, so that a contractor can be selected. The necessary permits have been requested and there is sufficient certainty from within companies that the pipeline will be used. And, not unimportantly, the money is available for the construction and management . 


Beginning of 2023

Start of construction

The contractor has been found and agreement has been reached concerning the implementation. The shovel can literally go into the ground. To do this, the construction site is first prepared. Fences are being erected, an adjacent construction board, huts and equipment are being installed. And the right moment for carrying out the work is being chosen. For example, it is not possible to work on parts of the route near flood defences during the storm season (October – April). If birds are breeding on the work site, work does not continue until after the breeding season, or an attempt has been made in advance to allow the birds to breed in another location. If the pipe has to pass under an access road for a company, the construction is planned in consultation with that company at a time when business operations are hindered as little as possible. When other infrastructure, such as roads and rail, is crossed, an alternative route for traffic has been worked out or the construction is, for example, carried out according to the rail schedule. Also during implementation, it is always necessary to make adjustments and be flexible. You never know what you are going to come up against. 



Ready for use

It has been installed! You could say that all that needs to be done is to open the taps. It may seem simple, but putting HyTransPort into use does not happen overnight. Before the hydrogen pipeline is actually used, it has already been tested many times. Is everything working properly and can everything be properly checked and managed? This is also subject to a range of plans and protocols. 

When all of the check marks are green, the tap can be opened. The first hydrogen enters the pipe from an electrolyser at the conversion park and goes to the first customer. 

Naturally, this festive moment does not go by without marking the occasion with something special. After all, this is a milestone in making the Port of Rotterdam more sustainable.

Our approach

The transport of hydrogen or on this scale is new in our country. HyTransPort is probably the largest hydrogen transport project in the world at the moment. A huge step to make the Netherlands more sustainable and to continue to sustain Rotterdam as an important employer in the future. A project with impact that requires great care to lay the pipeline properly. 

Prior to the construction of HyTransPort we want to hear from the various parties within our environs regarding their concerns and thoughts on the matter. During the preparation phase, which we are now in, we are actively seeking contact with parties along the route. We want to hear more from municipal authorities, infrastructure managers like TenneT, Waterschap Hollandse Delta, Rijkswaterstaat, ProRail and Evides, local residents, nature and environmental organisations and, of course, businesses. What work is going on at the same time, what interests do we have to take into account and what questions do we have to answer? And how can we help one another? 

Environmental survey 

The main part of the HyTransPort pipeline will be located in the existing pipeline route through the port of Rotterdam. This is a route that is specially intended for pipelines. Before the pipe is installed, we are looking into the possible consequences of HyTransPort. We are conducting an environmental survey to assess the consequences for nature and the environment, soil, water and archaeology. The environmental survey is being conducted in consultation with DCMR, the Municipality of Rotterdam (permit issuer) and Rijnmond Safety Region (VRR). They will assess the results and whether we complying with all the applicable rules and conditions. The results of the environmental survey are shared during our discussions with all stakeholders in this project, such as the neighbouring municipal authorities, local residents, businesses and nature and environmental organisations. 


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